Review on Concept of Control in Application Software Development

Vinay Chavan, V. M. Thakare


The concept of the system in not physical phenomenon but can also be extended to abstract dynamic phenomenon. A system is a combination of components acting together to perform specific objective. A component is a single functional unit of a system or multiple units of different components, variables and constraints. Different components and variables are activated in the system; they are controllable and uncontrollable in nature. In case of the static system, a solution due to controlled variables is in static state but in case of uncontrolled variables it may observe linear or nonlinear characteristic and properties in solution with dynamic nature. A practical experiment demonstrates clearly that not all problems require analysis and synthesis methods for such solutions. In many cases, analysis and design are based on some controllable and uncontrollable variables, and its model is sufficient to yield adequate performance by system. The qualitative properties of controlled structure do not change under a smooth change of coordinates; a singular point of the vector field will remain a singular point under smooth transformations. A periodic orbit is a loop in controllable space and smooth deformations of the controllable space cannot alter it being a loop. It is in the neighbourhood of singular points and periodic orbits that the structure of a controllable space can be well understood. The qualitative study shows a change in value of controlled and uncontrolled variables that make the software development as simple as possible.

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