Prevention of Gray Hole Attack Using ABC and Fuzzy Logic

Lokeshwar Singh, Ashish Sharma

Abstract


There are many advantages and reasons for wireless sensor network to be popular. The key concern while establishing wireless sensor network (Mobile ad-hoc network) is the routing protocol to be applied. Routing process is the process of discovering the path that a data packet will follow to get it from the source node to the destination node. As the mobile ad-hoc network consists of mobile nodes with no controlling unit in which each and every step of communication is handled by the nodes within the network itself. The selection of routing protocol is one of the difficult tasks and the key challenge faced by the routing is the energy consumption issue apart from the others. In this research, the routing technique is developed with a basic focus on reduction of the energy consumption while improving the overall performance of the network.  Presently, various efficient routing protocols have been estimated for wireless sensor network. In the presence of malicious nodes, the network becomes penetrable to different kind of attacks. In wireless sensor network, routing-attacks are relatively serious. It has number of potential-applications in completely un-predictable in dynamic environment. Routing protocol utilized here are in a form of reactive-routing protocol known as OLSR. This routing protocol route is based on demand.

The proposed work has designed and implemented wireless sensor network in OLSR routing protocol. The gray hole attack is mitigated using Fuzzy Logic based on rule sets to have better routing process and ABC (Artificial Bee Colony) algorithm at superior rate for optimizing the route set at novel objective function.  In this work, the performance analysis of the network with the scenarios consisting 50 nodes moving with the speed of the 5-10m/s within the  area (1000X1000) mhas been done in regards to the parameters, namely, Throughput, End-to-End Delay, BER (bit error rate) and Energy consumption).  


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