Effects of Friction Welding Parameters on the Mechanical Properties of Dissimilar Steel Joints

Sangathoti Haribabu, Muralimohan Cheepu .

Abstract


In the present study, an influence of friction welding parameters on the mechanical properties of dissimilar steel materials of AISI D3 tool steel and AISI 304 stainless steel joints. The welding conditions were optimized with the effect of various welding parameters to find the optimal parameters for sound welds. The effects of optimized welding parameters on the tensile strength of the joints were evaluated by plotting contour graphs. Among the welding conditions, the combination of upset pressure and friction time exhibits a progressive effect on tensile strength. As friction pressure and friction time increase, the joints tensile strength also gradually increases. The maximum joint strength of the friction-welded dissimilar steel joints was 82 % of that of D2 tool steel. The microstructures and hardness of the welded joints have been characterized and presented in this study. Additionally, the interface characteristics were studied to identify the failure of the joints using energy-dispersive spectroscopy analysis.

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