Performance Analysis of OLSR, AODV& ZRP Routing Protocols for MANET using NS2

T. Durga, K. Supriya, Maddula Prasad .


A Mobile Ad Hoc Networks (MANET) is characterized by multi hop wireless connectivity consisting of independent nodes which move dynamically by changing its network connectivity without the uses of any pre-existent infrastructure. MANET offers[1, 2] such flexibility which helps the network to form anywhere, at any time, as long as two or more nodes are connected and communicate with each other either directly when they are in radio range or via intermediate mobile nodes. Routing is a significant issue and challenge in ad hoc networks and many routing protocols have been proposed like OLSR, AODV, DSDV,DSR, ZRP, and TORA, LAR so far to improve the routing performance and reliability. This research paper describes the characteristics of ad hoc routing protocols OLSR, AODV and ZRP based on the performance metrics like packet delivery ratio, end–to–end delay, throughput and jitter by increasing number of nodes in the network. This comparative study proves that OLSR, ZRP performs well in dense networks in terms of low mobility and low traffic but in high mobility and high traffic environment ZRP performs well than OLSR and AODV.

Full Text:



Alexander Klein, “Performance Comparison and Evaluation of AODV, OLSR and SBR in Mobile Ad-Hoc Networks”, Innovation Works, IEEE 3rd International Symposium on Wireless Pervasive Computing, 2008.

Anne Aaron, Jie Weng, “Performance Comparison of Ad-hoc Routing Protocols for Networks with Node Energy Constraints”, available at, Spring 2000-2001.

Shah, R.C., Rabaey, J.:Energy Aware Routing for Low Energy Ad Hoc Sensor Networks. In: IEEE Wireless Communications and Networking Conference (WCNC 2002), vol. 1, pp. 350–355 (2002)

Perkins, C.E., Bhagwat, P.Highly Dynamic Destination-Sequenced Distance-Vector Routing (DSDV) for Mobile Computers. In: SIGCOMM 1994, pp. 234–244 (August 1994) [5]. Clausen, T., Jacquet, P.: Optimized link state routing protocol, IETF RFC 3626 (2003),

Perkins, C.E., Royer, E.M.: Ad Hoc On-Demand Distance Vector Routing. In: 2nd IEEE Workshop on Mobile Computing Systems and Applications (WMCSA 1999), pp. 90–100 (February 1999)

Camp, T., Boleng, J., Davies, V.: A Survey of Mobility Models for Ad-hoc Network Research. Wireless Communication and Mobile Computing [WCNC]: Special Issue on Mobile Ad-hoc Networking: Research, Trends and Applications 2(5), 483–502 (2002)

H. Ehsan and Z. A. Uzmi (2004), “Performance Comparison of Ad Hoc Wireless Network Routing Protocols”, IEEE 8th International Multi topic Conference, Proceedings of INMIC, pp.457 – 465, December 2004.

Z. J. Hass and M. R. Pearlman, “Zone Routing Protocol (ZRP)”, Internet draft available at, November 1997.

Open Link State Routing.

Perkins CE, Royer EM, Das SR. Ad Hoc on Demand Distance Vector (AODV) routing. Available from:, IETF Internet Draft, work in progress, 2000.

Perkins C, Belding-Royer E, Das S. Ad hoc On- Demand Distance Vector (AODV) routing. Network working group, IETF RFC,RFC 3561, 2003.

Gallissot M. Routing on ad hoc networks, Project, Supervisor,Maurice Mitchell Date, 2007.

Zygmunt J Haas, Marc R. Pearlman, and Prince Samar, "The Zone Routing Protocol (ZRP) for Ad Hoc Networks", draft-ietf-manet-zone-zrp-04.txt,july,2002.

Jaisankar N, Saravanan R. An extended AODV protocol for multipath routing in MANETs. Int J Eng Technol 2010;2(40).

“Zone Routing protocol(ZRP),” ietf-manetzone- zrp-04.txt.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

© International Journals of Advanced Research in Computer Science and Software Engineering (IJARCSSE)| All Rights Reserved | Powered by Advance Academic Publisher.